Logo: Relish

  1. Sign in

Project: RSpec Mocks 2.13

RSpec Mocks 2.13

rspec-mocks helps to control the context in a code example by letting you set
known return values, fake implementations of methods, and even expectations
that specific messages are received by an object.

You can do these three things on test doubles that rspec-mocks creates for you
on the fly, or you can do them on objects that are part of your system.

Messages and Methods

Message and method are metaphors that we use somewhat interchangeably, but
they are subtly different. In Object Oriented Programming, objects communicate
by sending messages to one another. When an object receives a message, it
invokes a method with the same name as the message.

Test Doubles

A test double is an object that stands in for another object in your system
during a code example. Use the double method to create one:

double_account = double("Account")

You can also use the mock and stub methods to create test doubles, however
these methods are there for backward compatibility only and will likely be
deprecated and then removed from future versions.

Method Stubs

A method stub is an instruction to an object (real or test double) to return a
known value in response to a message:

die.stub(:roll) { 3 }

This tells the die object to return the value 3 when it receives the roll

Message Expectations

A message expectation is an expectation that an object should receive a
specific message during the course of a code example:

describe Account do
  context "when closed" do
    it "logs an 'account closed' message" do
      logger = double()
      account = Account.new
      account.logger = logger



This example specifies that the account object sends the logger the
account_closed message (with itself as an argument) when it receives the
close message.


The documentation for rspec-mocks is a work in progress. We'll be adding
Cucumber features over time, and clarifying existing ones. If you have
specific features you'd like to see added, find the existing documentation
incomplete or confusing, or, better yet, wish to write a missing Cucumber
feature yourself, please submit an issue or a pull request.


  1. Upgrade
  2. Scope
  3. Changelog
  4. Method stubs
  5. Message expectations
  6. Argument matchers
  7. Mutating constants
  8. Outside rspec

Last published over 7 years ago by myronmarston.