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Project: RSpec Expectations 2.9

RSpec Expectations 2.9

rspec-expectations is used to define expected outcomes.

describe Account do
  it "has a balance of zero when first created" do
    Account.new.balance.should eq(Money.new(0))

Basic structure

The basic structure of an rspec expectation is:

actual.should matcher(expected)
actual.should_not matcher(expected)

should and should_not

rspec-expectations adds should and should_not to every object in
the system. These methods each accept a matcher as an argument. This allows
each matcher to work in a positive or negative mode:

5.should eq(5)
5.should_not eq(4)

What is a matcher?

A Matcher is any object that responds to the following methods:


These methods are also part of the matcher protocol, but are optional:


RSpec ships with a number of built-in matchers and a DSL for writing custom


The documentation for rspec-expectations is a work in progress. We'll be adding
Cucumber features over time, and clarifying existing ones. If you have
specific features you'd like to see added, find the existing documentation
incomplete or confusing, or, better yet, wish to write a missing Cucumber
feature yourself, please submit an issue or a pull request.


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Last published over 7 years ago by .